James McDougal Hart

James M. Hart

James M. Hart (1828–1901) was a Scottish-born landscape and cattle painter who is often closely associated with his older brother, the equally successful painter William Hart. Hart is particularly celebrated for his luminous images of the Catskills, often enlivened with crisp details and experiments in scale and perspective in his landscape compositions. Born in Kilmarnock, Scotland, he moved with his family to America and settled in Albany, New York, where he trained with a sign and carriage maker before traveling back to Europe to pursue artistic training. Hart studied at the Düsseldorf Academy under Friedrich Wilhelm Schirmer. While James Hart and his brother William often painted similar landscape subjects, James favored painting panoramic and often exceptionally large-scale works, a hallmark of the Düsseldorf School of painting.

Hart returned to America in 1853. He exhibited his first work at the National Academy of Design in 1848, became an Associate in 1857 and a full member in 1859, and became Vice President later in his life from 1895 to 1899. He would continue to exhibit there over the course of his career.


James McDougal Hart (1828–1901) A Tranquil Morning, 1871
Oil on canvas, 10 ¼ x 16 ¼ inches
Signed and dated lower left: J. M. Hart. 71

Image courtesy of Questroyal Fine Art, LLC