The Hudson River, originating high in the Adirondack Mountains and flowing over a course of 315 miles to the sea, was an important strategic, military, and commercial waterway used by the Native Americans, Dutch, and finally the British before the American Revolution. The river and its varied surrounding territories were long associated with the nation’s historical roots. Artistic interpretations of the landscape were vital to an emerging national identity, in which its citizens enjoyed a close and even sacred relationship with the land. Many iconic locales, including the Catskills, Adirondacks, and White Mountains, became meeting points and catalysts for numerous artistic associations and schools of painting and literature in the nineteenth century. Artists also roamed the eastern coastline painting coastal and marine views. After 1850, the Hudson River School ventured further afield, seeking inspiration in the wilderness as far out west as Yellowstone and Yosemite, in the Arctic, the Andes, and the tropics of Central and South America.